Solid-state lighting (SSL) refers to a type of lighting that uses semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) as sources of illumination rather than electrical filaments, plasma (used in arc lamps such as fluorescent lamps), or gas.
The term "solid state" refers commonly to light emitted by solid-state electroluminescence, as opposed to incandescent bulbs (which use thermal radiation) or fluorescent tubes. Compared to incandescent lighting, SSL creates visible light with reduced heat generation or parasitic energy dissipation. Most common "white" LEDs convert blue light from a solid-state device to an (approximate) white light spectrum using photoluminescence, the same principle used in conventional fluorescent tubes.
The typically small mass of a solid-state electronic lighting device provides for greater resistance to shock and vibration compared to brittle glass tubes/bulbs and long, thin filament wires. They also eliminate filament evaporation, potentially increasing the life span of the illumination device.
Solid-state lighting is often used in traffic lights and is also used frequently in modern vehicle lights, street and parking lot lights, train marker lights, building exteriors remote controls etc.
LED Wiki: Wi-Fi, Zigbee and Bluetooth compared
Key characteristics of ZigBee, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth
|Range||10-100 meters||50-100 meters||10 – 100 meters|
|Networking Topology||Ad-hoc, peer to peer, star, or mesh||Point to hub||Ad-hoc, very small networks|
|Operating Frequency||868 MHz (Europe) 900-928 MHz (NA), 2.4 GHz (worldwide)||2.4 and 5 GHz||2.4 GHz|
|Complexity (Device and application impact)||Low||High||High|
|Power Consumption (Battery option and life)||Very low (low power is a design goal)||High||Medium|
|Security||128 AES plus application layer security|| ||64 and 128 bit encryption|
|Typical Applications||Industrial control and monitoring, sensor networks, building automation, home control and automation, toys, games||Wireless LAN connectivity, broadband Internet access||Wireless connectivity between devices such as phones, PDA, laptops, headsets|
— Wi-Fi, Zigbee and Bluetooth comp...